Tag Archives: Alexandra H.

Sarah Emma Edmonds (December 1841– September 5, 1898)

Sarah Emma Edmonds was born in Canada in December of 1841. As a child, she was abused by her father, due to the fact that he had wanted a son. At this time, she was reading Fanny Campbell, the Female Pirate Captain, which was about Fanny Campbell and her adventures as a pirate while disguised as a man. This novel is what gave her the idea to dress herself as a man, which she did, and run away. She escaped to the United States in 1857 under the name of Franklin Thompson and made a living in Connecticut. When the Civil War started Sarah wanted to help and enlisted under her fake name in May of 1861.  

Due to the fact that physical examinations were not required to join the Union army, Sarah was not discovered and she became apart of the 2nd Michigan Infantry as a 3 year recruit. In the beginning of the war Sarah served mostly as a mail carrier and often nursed wounded soldiers back to health. Her regiment took part in the siege of Yorktown in April and May of 1862, which is thought to be the first time that Sarah conducted espionage. Although there is no real proof in her military records that she was a spy, Edmonds has wrote about her experiences as a spy during the war. Once Edmonds was required use silver nitrate to dye her skin black so she could sneak into the Confederacy as a black man under the name of Cuff. Other espionages include an Irish peddler and a male contraband, which were escaped slaves or those who in contact with the Union forces. Many times in the war when Sarah was harmed she refused to get medical attention because she didn’t want to risk getting caught. One example occurs in August of 1862, when she was thrown into a ditch, where she broke her leg and suffered several internal injuries. This injuries would haunt her for the rest of her life. Her life in the army came to an end, however, when she contracted malaria. Sarah asked for furlough, but was denied. Edmonds ended up leaving the military, not wanting to be sent to a military hospital. After she was treated she intended to return but her alias, Franklin Thompson, was charged with desertion, which would be cleared later in 1884. Because of this Sarah signed up as a female nurse at a Washington, D.C. hospital until the end of the war.

In 1864, Sarah published her memoirs Nurse and Spy in the Union Army. Even after her disguise was discovered she was still considered a good soldier and even received a pension of twelve dollars. And in 1897 she was the only women to be admitted into the Grand Army of the Republic.    

In the Civil War Sarah’s role was as a secret soldier, a woman in disguise. She fought alongside the men in the army. During her time in the war, she was a mail carrier, a spy, and as a nurse. She broke the social restraints of the time because women of the time were not suppose to participate in war, except as a nurse in a hospital. It was unlady like for a women to see war, it was a man’s job not a women’s. She went against and challenged the ideas of the time and proved that she was just as good as any other man in that army.   


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Posted by on December 12, 2013 in Women in the Civil War


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Curse of Slavery

Blood dripping to the floor
A white face beaming with pleasure
Horrid shrieks
Wild oaths
Blood-stained scene of barbarity
A slave punished by his master
Helpless slave
deprived of joy
withheld the privilege
Forever in his master’s jaws
Broken body
Ruined spirit
Crushed soul
Victim to a crime on humanity
A curse of blood
Pass to children and their children
Years suffered by religious, hypocritical men
Long. dark night
will you pass?
No mercy, no freedom
He embraces death
the battle over
Is it without regret that he ceases to be?

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Posted by on October 7, 2013 in Douglass poem



Orwell’s 1984 and Today



I have found out many things about privacy in our society today that I did not know.  One website that I visisted, actually tells of all of this projects that the government has in effect or tried to put into effect that would use technology to pry into our privacy.  One project that is mentioned is global Project Echelon, which is still in effect today.  Project Echelon is a surveilance system that has been gathering unknown amounts of data for the past six decades.  Another subject is that of Bush and a project that he put into effect in 2005 that had international phonecalls on surveillance.  One thing that I find really suprising is that in 2003 there was an draft proposed. the “Patriot Act II”, which would allow the government to permanently get rid of anyone they saw as a terrorist, even U.S. citizens without a trail.  That was a little to close to Orwell’s society for me, luckly the draft was turned down. One quote that I really like from this website that seems to sum this all up is “If you think the government is watching your every move, that’s crazy–but if you think the government id too good or too honest to try it, that’s naive.” Another website called On this website it explains that now in some prisons they have cameras that track prisoners every move. The cameras also notice the behavors, body language and facial expressions of the prisoners so that if the cameras were to suspect a bad situation than the cameras can signal the guards so they cna get there faster. The article also states that one of the main reasons that the cameras were placed in the prison were because sometimes guards on duty can miss things when on watch, with the cameras, and sometimes do not quit see everything and the cameras are a way to fix that problem and in a way make the prisons more of a orderly place.  Tachnology now a days seems to be becoming more and more advanced every time you turn around and before you know it there is something new out. While this is a good thing at times it does not mean it is always going to be that way.


I think that it can conect to the novel in several ways. One such way would be the “Patriot Act II.” To me that seems to be an idea that would have came straight out of the novel 1984 itself. The whole principle behind the act is exactly the same thing that the government in 1984 was doing to its citizens.  The “Patriot Act II”, as said before, would allow the government to sentance anyone they thought were terrorist with out a trail. We can see this happen many times threwout the book. The government, Ingsoc, would take people that it thought were a threat to society and basicly lock them up and then kill them.  Although in 1984 the people taken in for “terrorism” were taken for simply not behaving like they should have, like a misbehaving child.  Today we thikn of terrorism as something much more extreme than just having thoughts that go against the government. Another similarity is the idea of being watched itself.  In 1984 the telescreens are the main things that watch the citizens and it has it to were people can not only hear and see everything but also talk through it to you at the same time. Today, when people say others are watching them its more of threw there webcames, or threw facebook or twitter.  Unlike in 1984, today we are not as severly watched as they are, although we are watched.

Privacy and the enternet

This topic impacts my daily life.  This informs me of the issue that is privacy in our society and some of the things that the govrnment has done over the years to violate that privacy.  threw this topic I have also found out that there is new technology out there that I have never heard of before that is a little unsettleling. I have to learn now to be more careful with what I put on the enternet because once it’s on the enternet it is always there for someone to find.  Even more so in the future this topic will become more important to me than it is now.  We will keep coming up with more and more advanced technology and with that new technology will come risk to my privacy.  The topic of privacy concerning tachnology, or privacy period, is one i will have to be aware of as our tachnology grows.

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Posted by on December 4, 2012 in Beyond 1984





Raphael (Origin: Hebrew “It is God who heals”, “God heals”)
Mentioned by name in the Book of Tobias

The Archangel Raphael

In Catholicism:
Patron Saint of medical workers, matchmakers, and travelers
Feast day:  Sept 29 with all the angels, adopted in 1964 (moved from Oct 24, first celebrated in 1921)

In Islam:
The angel who signals the coming of Judgement Day by blowing the trumpet three time (beginning of last day, death of all angels, demons, and humans, and time of final judgement)

Traveler’s Prayer

The Archangel Raphael


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Posted by on October 29, 2012 in Thomas More's Utopia


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The Epic Hero Aeneas

The Tale of Aeneas

Aeneas is mentioned in both Greek and Roman mythology. Although Aeneas is remembered mostly from Virgil’s Aeneid, which consist of twelve books.  Aeneas is a survivor of the fall of Troy who goes on a journey through different lands and faces difficult trials to fulfill his destiny.

Inhuman Abilities

Aeneas is the son of Anchises, second cousin to the king of Troy Priam, and Venus, the goddess of love.  Even though Aeneas has divine blood running through his vains Virgil gives no instances of Aeneas using any supernatural abilities in the Aeneid.

Aeneas’s Destiny

During the fall of Troy Aeneas flees the war ravaged city with his son, Ascanius, his wife, Creusa, and his father. Aeneas, carring his father and holding his son’s hand, loses his wife in the midst of a battle. When he tries to find Creusa he is met by her “shade” or ghoust that tells him to leave and of his destiny to found a great kingdom along the Tiber River. Aeneas, along with other trojan servivors, sets sail for foreign lands.

Aeneas fleeing Troy


Aeneas goes through many trials on his journey. Juno, goddess of marriage, is the main entity behind most of Aeneas’s troubles.  Aeneas and his crew suffer through several tempests, plague and war. Before Aeneas built Rome he tried to build his empire in Thrace and Crete. In Thrace, Aeneas and his men were scared off by bad omens. When in Crete the men were hit with many plagues and there crops would not grow. When Aeneas finally reaches the Tiber River and befriends the nearby king Latinus, who gives Aeneas land so he can build his city. In a final attempt to thwart Aeneas Juno starts a war between Aeneas and another neighboring king Turnus. The war was bloody and many lives were lost. To keep from having any more casualties Aeneas and Turnus decide to have a one on one battle. This fight is Aeneas’s final trial in the Aeneidthe battle of Aeneas and Turnus

Divine Help

Aenaes is helped many times in the Aeneid from either the gods or spirits. The one god that helps Aeneas the most is his own mother Venus. In the poem her only concern is to make sure that Aeneas makes it safely to Italy. Venus even goes to Neptune to beg for him to help Aeneas. The poem itself seems to be more about the arguement between venus and Juno. Even from the begining the intervention of the gods is apparent.  Venus giving weapons to Aeneas

Aeneas and the Underworld

An aspect of a epic hero is that the hero goes to a place forbidden to humans. For Aeneas this is the underworld. To get to the underworld one must cross the river of Styx and the only way to cross the river of Styx is by the ferryman Charon, who does not take any living human into the underworld. To get into the underworld Aeneas gets the help of Sibyl, the priestess of Apollo, to lead him through the underworld so he can find his father, who had died on the journey. To get past Charon Aeneas and Sibyl say that they brought a gift for Persephone and Charon lets them through. Aeneas ends up finding his father and after words Aeneas continues on his voyage. Aeneas, Sibyl and Charon

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Posted by on September 16, 2012 in Epic Heroes