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Angelina Grimké

  

“We Abolition Women are turning the world upside down”

Angelina Grimké was one of the few individuals who advocated for abolition and women’s rights. She experienced tremendous adversity after choosing to be an activist. Coming from one of the riches families in the South, Angelina was ostracized by her parents and the state of South Carolina. Eventually, she moved up north to live with her sister. It was there she began writing and lecturing to end abolition. Her first article was published in the Liberator. Soon after, Angelina wrote An Appeal to the Christian Women of the South. Her literature increased her popularity among the men of the Anti-Slavery Society. After spending time with the society, Angelina decided to begin the National Female Anti-Slavery Society. She spoke in front of hundreds of women within the society and soon became famous for her lectures. During the Civil War she strongly supported the Union. She believed the Union’s victory would end slavery and wrote An Appeal to the Women of the Republic to encourage pro-Union support.

Growing up in southern culture, Angelina was only expected to become a silent housewife. Education for professions were limited to men at the time. Angelina was disturbed by the inequality and would not remain silent on the issue. The sexism continued as she lectured in the “free” North. It was deemed unfit for a woman to address an audience full of men. Angelina was harshly criticized every time she spoke in front of a mixed audience. Eventually, pushing the envelope paid off as she was the first women to speak in front of a United States legislative body.

 
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Posted by on December 12, 2013 in Women in the Civil War

 

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The Power of Knowledge

What is power?
How can man master man?
Who benefits, who suffers?

The truth is found in knowledge.

Man reads lies.
Man writes evils.
Man learns hatred.

From knowledge man can suppress
From knowledge man can be free

Man reads truth.
Man writes hope.
Man learns love.

 
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Posted by on October 7, 2013 in Douglass poem

 

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Aspects of Orwellian Society Today

Gov

1- The use of technology has greatly benefitted society.  However, it presents the opportunity for great harm.  In Computers That See You and Keep Watch Over You, Hany Farid, a computer scientist, said, “With every technology, there is a dark side. Sometimes you can predict it, but often you can’t.”  As technology continues to rapidly evolve, individuals’ private information becomes increasing accessible.  The line between public and private information is becoming increasing fine and infringement of one’s privacy alarmingly easy.  Often the technology is meant for simplicity, comfort, or safety.  The electronic version of a nursing home presented in Wired Homes Keep Tabs On Aging Parents, although rather atypical, seems to efficiently monitor the safety of elderly individuals in a way that’s convenient for all parties involved in the care.  However, who is to know whether or not this intrusion of privacy is exploited or not? It surely provides the opportunity.   The internet often convinces people that it is private in certain aspects, yet  it is actually one of the most public domains and open to a vast amount of people.  Personal searches are even subject to observations as a result of programs created by companies like Google.  The Government is even allowed to look at one’s personal information or searches online in order to determine if an individual is a threat.  Although what the government deems as a threat is often the subject of much argument.  Definitely, being within the presence of technology you are not alone.

Another aspect of an Orwellian society in our modern age is the use of media to influence public opinion.  During the past few months we were able to witness firsthand this aspect at work with the presidential election.   Different new channels seemed to perceive certain actions, speeches, or photos differently and presented their analysis to the nation.  Often times we assume these opinions as factual.  We are essentially allowing these networks to think for us.  This often happens because the average person is incapable of watching all the uncut footage of each candidate.  This situation is also applicable to world events.  Obviously it is impossible for us to know what is going on in different countries without the use of media.  In this instance we are still subject to the bias of news networks.  Sometimes its just an altered photo that can change our perception of reported information as with the doctored photo in the Los Angeles Times.  In the article Manipulating Truth, Losing Credibility it shows how simple digital editing of a single photo can drastically change its meaning.

2- In Oceania the Party is control over the media, “The Ministry of Truth, whose primary job was not to reconstruct the past but to supply the citizens of Oceania with newspapers, films, textbooks, telescreen programs, plays, novels” (p. 39).  Controlling the media is how the Party controls the present, which ultimately leads them to control  the past and then the future.  Although the use of media today does not help control or alter the past, it does, in a way, establish control over the present.  By mixing personal bias and opinions in with news reports networks are given the opportunity to sway public opinion.  In the case of a presidential election, this could help lead to the control of the future, using the media to help elect the leaders of the nation. Although, unlike Orwell’s society where one government controls the media, ours contains various networks with conflicting ideas. 

With the use of Technology our privacy becomes more and more like that of Oceania’s, where the term privacy is practically nonexistent.  “In general you could not assume that you were much safer in the country than in London. There were no telescreens, of course, but there was always the danger of concealed microphones by which your voice might be picked up and recognized” (p. 98).  Perhaps the most frightening aspect of today’s technological age is that we are often unaware that we are possibly being watched.  Technology is so advanced and available to almost everyone, true privacy is diminishing from society.

 
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Posted by on December 3, 2012 in Beyond 1984

 

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Amerigo Vespucci

Amerigo Vespucci

Born March 9, 1454 and died February 22, 1512.

“The manner of their living is very barbarous, because they do not eat at fixed times, but as often as they please.” -Amerigo speaking of the natives of South America.

Amerigo was responsible for finding a quicker route to Asia but instead what he found was an entirely new continent. Unlike Columbus who believed that South America was indeed Asia, Vespucci speculated that he had found a completely new land mass. And he was right. As we know, South America was named after Vespucci, and eventually the northern half took his name as well.

Born in Florence, Italy then became a citizen of Spain in 1505.

Utopia is set in the “New World”

More links Raphael’s travels in with Amerigo Vespucci’s real life voyages of discovery. He suggests that Raphael is one of the 24 men Vespucci, in his four voyages of 1507, says he left for six months at Cabo Frio, Brazil. Raphael then travels further and finds the island of Utopia, where he spends five years observing the customs of the natives.

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/620755/utopia

 

 
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Posted by on October 30, 2012 in Thomas More's Utopia, Uncategorized

 

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A Hero’s Journey: Perseus

The Myth of Perseus

Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danae.  His grandfather, Acrisius, locked up Danae in order to avoid fulfilling the oracle’s prophecy of which his grandson would play a part in his death, keeping her from marriage or having children.  Zeus in the form of a golden shower came down to Danae and swept her off her feet.  She later bore a son.  Acrisius soon found out and in his rage locked the two in a chest and cast them off into the sea.   Eventually they landed on the shores of Seriphus, ruled by king Polydectes.

The Mundane World

Perseus grew into a strong young man on the island of Seriphus.  King Polydectes had his eye on Danae, Perseus’ mother.  Perseus was the only thing in the way of asking Danae’s hand in marriage.  He knew if he wanted Danae, then he would have to find a way to get Perseus out of the picture.

The Call

King Polydectes threw a fake wedding party for himself and a lady called Hippodameia.  He asked all his friends, including Perseus, to bring a gift for him to win the heart of Hippodameia.  When Perseus arrived without a gift, he boasted to Polydectes that he could give him anything he wants in the world.  The king then told him he wanted the head of the gorgon Medusa (lady with snakes for hair, bronze hands, wings and tusks).  Perseus accepts the difficult challenge.

Crossing the Threshold

After wandering for days with no idea where to start, Hermes and Athena visit him.  They give him a brass shield and explain that he needs to seek out the three Graeae (hag sisters who share an eye and a tooth).  These sisters could tell Perseus where he could find the equipment necessary to fight the gorgons.  When Perseus reaches the cave of the Graeae he hides in a bush and watches them.  Then he jumps out, stealing their beloved… eyeball and black mails them into telling him the location of the Nymphai (three nymphs that have the legendary equipment).  Perseus has now officially started his journey into the world of mythological gods and creatures.

The Path of Trials

Perseus visits the Nymphai, who give him Hermes’ winged sandals, the Cap of Darkness (grants invisibility), and the kibisis (a bag that could hold the head of Medusa).  He then starts off to the cave of the gorgons.  Athena advises Perseus to only look at them from the reflection off the shield.  When he gets inside the cave he notices the gorgons are fast asleep.  He sneaks up on Medusa, still looking only at her reflection, and chops off her head.  Perseus then places the head in the kibisis and runs for the mouth of the cave.  The two other gorgon sisters wake up and chase him.  Perseus throws on the Cap of Darkness and escapes the wrath of the gorgons.  Now victorious, Perseus travels home.  On his way back he runs into atlas (the Titan required to hold up the earth) and asks him for shelter.  The titan refuses and as punishment Perseus turns him into stone.  Before reaching Seriphus, Perseus stops again.  He sees a young lady chained to a Cliffside.  She is Andromeda, who Poseidon said is to be sacrificed to a sea monster because her mother bragged she was more beautiful than the Nereids (minor goddesses of the sea).  Perseus’ introduction to Andromeda is cut short by the roar of the sea monster.  Perseus saves the damsel in distress by turning the monster into stone with Medusa’s head.  Perseus returns Andromeda to her father, King Cepheus of Ethiopia, and asks for her hand in marriage.  The king accepts Perseus’ request and the happy couple finally return to Seriphus.

Master of Two Worlds

Perseus’ final encounter is with King Polydectes.  His mother is found hiding in a temple in order to avoid Polydectes.  Danae refused his marriage proposal which filled him with rage.  With this news, an angry Perseus heads for the palace and confronts the king and his companions.  Perseus told them he found his gift and showed them the head of Medusa, turning them all to stone.  His mother and the island of Seriphus were now free from the tyrannical King Polydectes.  His quest was now over and he returns the equipment to the Nymphai and gives the head of Medusa to Athena in thanks for her help.

http://www.shmoop.com/perseus-medusa/

http://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/Heroes/Perseus/perseus.html

 
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Posted by on September 16, 2012 in Epic Heroes

 

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