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Lydia Maria Child

Lydia Maria child experienced a rough childhood. Upon the loss of her mother, Lydia went to live with both a married sister and a brother at various times. During the stay with her brother, a Unitarian minister,Lydia bcame an inspired author by writing and publishing her first book, Hobomok, in just six weeks. The novel is known to be a literary classic which potrays early American life and gives a positive portrayal of the Native American hero. Marrying her husband David Lee Child in 1828,Lydia was introduced to  the social reforms of Indian rights and Garrisonian abolitionism. Child was for the anislavery cause and was also a significant womens rights activist. However, she believed that no progress could be made for women until slavey was abolished. With this thought, Child published An Appeal in Favor of That Class of Americans Called Africans , which argued in favor of emancipation of the slaves without repayment to slaveholders. She also helped with funding for the first anti slavery fair held in Boston in 1834. Child also contributed to the ani slavery cause by being elected to the executive board of the American Anti-Slavery Society while at the same time publishing numerous novels to address the historical, political, economic, legal, and moral issues of slavery.

Women during this time were expected to be obedient and caretakers of the household. Child, however, had a different view on this aspect. Lydia devoted her life to the anti-slavery cause, therefore she was a radical woman of the Union. As most women of the Union would probably be playing a major role in family life, Child engaged herself in the Civil War cause by bringing attention to the issues of slavery. She was outspoken and knew what she had to do to try to win women their civil rights. Child did not just support her husband beliefs, like most women would have done during this time, but instead she discovered her own beliefs and brought people’s attention to them.

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Posted by on March 14, 2010 in Civil War





Word over all, beautiful as the sky!
Beautiful that war, and all its deeds of carnage, must in time be utterly lost;
That the hands of the sisters Death and Night, incessantly softly
wash again, and ever again, this soil’d world:
… For my enemy is dead–a man divine as myself is dead;
I look where he lies, white-faced and still, in the coffin–I draw near;
I bend down, and touch lightly with my lips the white face in the coffin.


This poem talks about the idea of a war of two seperate sides and overcoming forgiveness after the war is over. The author describes the opposing sides as day and night, but yet calls them sisters. This can compare to the north and south during the Civil War. In the end he talks about going to a mans funeral, his initial enemy. Now since the War is over, the author must find away to forgive himself for perhaps killing a man that is no longer the enemy and is now as divine as himself.


I can tell that the mood of this poem is represented in a negative way. It is very depressing towards the ending considering the author talks about coping with the death of his enemy. This poem deals with trying to find forgiveness in ones self and trying to fix ties that were once broken during the civil war.


From this poem, I can see that the author feels alot of regret about the war. It affects his inner concience, especially dealing with death. I can tell that war took a major tole on his feelings and he is having a hard time trying to cope with it. I think he opposes war simply because of the effects it had on him.

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Posted by on March 8, 2010 in Whitman's Civil War Poetry



The Artillaryman’s Vision


While my wife at my side lies slumbering, and the wars are over long,
And my head on the pillow rests at home, and the vacant midnight passes,
And through the stillness, through the dark, I hear, just hear, the
breath of my infant,
There in the room as I wake from sleep this vision presses upon me;
The engagement opens there and then in fantasy unreal,
The skirmishers begin, they crawl cautiously ahead, I hear the
irregular snap! snap!
I hear the sounds of the different missiles, the short t-h-t! t-h-t!
of the rifle-balls,
I see the shells exploding leaving small white clouds, I hear the
great shells shrieking as they pass,
The grape like the hum and whirr of wind through the trees,
(tumultuous now the contest rages,)
All the scenes at the batteries rise in detail before me again,
The crashing and smoking, the pride of the men in their pieces,
The chief-gunner ranges and sights his piece and selects a fuse of
the right time,
After firing I see him lean aside and look eagerly off to note the effect;
Elsewhere I hear the cry of a regiment charging, (the young colonel
leads himself this time with brandish’d sword,)
I see the gaps cut by the enemy’s volleys, (quickly fill’d up, no delay,)
I breathe the suffocating smoke, then the flat clouds hover low
concealing all;
Now a strange lull for a few seconds, not a shot fired on either side,
Then resumed the chaos louder than ever, with eager calls and
orders of officers,
While from some distant part of the field the wind wafts to my ears
a shout of applause, (some special success,)
And ever the sound of the cannon far or near, (rousing even in
dreams a devilish exultation and all the old mad joy in the
depths of my soul,)
And ever the hastening of infantry shifting positions, batteries,
cavalry, moving hither and thither,
(The falling, dying, I heed not, the wounded dripping and red
heed not, some to the rear are hobbling,)
Grime, heat, rush, aide-de-camps galloping by or on a full run,
With the patter of small arms, the warning s-s-t of the rifles,
(these in my vision I hear or see,)
And bombs bursting in air, and at night the vari-color’d rockets

Analysis: This poem represents the narrator’s feelings towards his past war experiences. I saw this poem as a flashback of his previous war memories. He is virturally reliving the detailed battle scenes. He is very detailed about his surroundings which includes people, sounds, enviorment, and smell.

Mood and Tone: The author used many  negative words to describe this poem. Words such as grime, heat, rush and chaos arn’t exactly words you would use to describe something positive. Since this is a flashback for him, the poem obvious recalls that this must have been a traumatic experience. I personally think that the mood is more angry or sad.

Attitude: The author’s attitude towards war isnt something he wants to remember. He has obviously been traumitized by this experience because he is reliving specific battle scenes even though the war has long been over. I feel like the author is hostile towards war condsidering the way he describes it is in a negative tone.

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Posted by on March 4, 2010 in Whitman's Civil War Poetry



Charles Joseph Berry

War Hero Definition: A war hero must understand the meaning behind the word sacrifice. Someone who would unhesitatingly sacrifice their own life for the sake of someone elses, someone who does not dwell upon the attention of being hero, but rather yearns to save as many lifes as possible.A war hero shows aspects of bravery, courage, and strength as they go into battle. They show qualities of selflessness and determination as they fight for their country’s freedom and liberty.
 Charles Joseph Berry:
Born in 1923 in Lorain Ohio, Charles Joseph Berry would eventually be posthumously rewarded the Medal of Honor for his courageous contributes in World War II. Upon graduating high school, Berry soon listed in the Marine Corps where he completed his recruit training in South Carolina. After graduating this training, he was then stationed in both Virginia and South Carolina before being sent out to fight the war in the Solomon Islands. When his fighting had ended in the Solomons, he was to France to fight at both Bougainville and Guadacanal. Upon his completion of these battles, Berry was then sent to San Diego California where he was ranked as a corporal to the 5th Marine Division and then sent out to fight in the Battle of the Iwo Jima in the Hawaiian Islands. Arriving at Iwo Jima on February 19, 1945, Berry was killed in action less than a month later on March 3, 1945. Being stationed in the front lines, Berry kept constant awareness for the sake of his fellow gun men during the dangerous night time hours. When Japenese soldiers launched a surprise attack shortly after midnight, Berry partcipated in a pitched hand grenade duel. One of the enemy gernades landed in a foxhole and without hesitation, Berry dived over the missle, his body taking full impact, in order to save his fellow Marines in hopes that they would fearlessly carry on the battle. Berry gave his life for his country and sacrificed himself so that his  men could carry on their patriotic duties. His body was initally buried in the 5th Marine Division Cemetrery in Iwo Jima but was reinterred in the Elmwood Cemetry of his hometown, Lorain, Ohio in 1949.
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Posted by on February 10, 2010 in War Heroes



“Sex and Race” by J.A. Rogers

J.A Rogers

“Sex and Race”, written by J. A. Rogers, was divided into three different volumes and published over a span of  three years.  Each volume specifically focuses on a different aspect of ancient black civiliziation and its role in society. The first volume specificially focuses on antiquity and is argued to be the most important of the three volumes. For example, he adresses the idea of the black civilization in Japan during an early era which can lead to the question of, “were the first Japenese Black?”
Volume two focuses upon the idea of racial mixing and racism alltogether in the New World while Volume Three adresses the concept of race in general. Each volume ties into the other providing many good theories and better explanations of how black civilization and racism came to be in a world of hate. The volumes also focus on ideas such as; “The Negro in Acient Greece”, “Negros in Ancient Rome and Carthage”,  “Black Gods and Messiahs”,  and “The History of the Black Madonnas.” It also proposes the hair-raising question of, “Were the Jews originally Negros?”
As a child, J.A. Rogers had a very light complexion and mulatto background. After observing the way of Whites treatment towards Blacks, Rogers  realized that all black people were treated the same dispite the different complexions. However, Rogers objected to and never accepted the white man’s authority in society. Rogers grew up with some of the Black’s most prominant lawyers and physicians and he soon realized that the white superiority often contradicted the expertise of Black intellectuals, making him want to begin research into the Black experience. He ended up being one of the very few African Americans to use art to portray the achievements of African Americans. Mostly overall, his three volume set destroyed the myth of Aryan race purity.
“Ethiopians, that is, Negros, gave the world  the first idea of right and wrong and thus laid the basis of religion and all true culture and civilization.”
–Joel Augustus Rogers

Posted by on December 3, 2009 in Malcolm X