Religions in England:
In England, in the 16th century the two main religions were the Catholic Church and the Protestants. Later on when King Henry VII wanted a divorce, he then founded his own religion, The Church Of England. In the early 1500’s all English people followed Catholicism. However, when people began to question some of the teachings a new religion broke out, thanks to a man named Martin Luther.
- Catholics believed the bible and masses should be in latin.
- Protestants believed they should be said in a common language for the common people to understand.
- Catholic priests were considered servants of God. They were to devote themselves and remain unmarried.
- Protestant priests were seen as the link between God and the People, since they were appointed by the pope. People could still find God without a priest.
- Catholics believed that priests and popes could forgive people’s sins as long as they gave money or gifts to the church.
- Protestants did not agree with this and said only God could forgive sins.
- Catholic churches were well decorated with statues and shrines.
- Protestant churches were kept plain so the people could focus more on the message of the sermon.
Church Hymns: Ave Maria
Religious Artwork and Sculptures: Many paintings and sculptures were centered around religous sceens.
Pieta, Sculpted by Michelangelo. Portrays Jesus in Mary’s arms after the crucifixion.
The Last Supper, Painted by Leonardo da Vinci, depicts Jesus and the 12 apostles having their last supper all together before Jesus’s crucifixion.