Tag Archives: Megan

Belle Boyd

  • Born in Martinsburg, Virginia (which is now West Virginia).
  • Confederate spy for General Thomas Jackson and General Turner Ashby.
  • Loved the thrill of spying.
  • Helped Jackson win the battles in Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley in 1862.
  • She overheard General James Shields and his staff discussing their plans to withdraw and destroy the town’s bridges, which helped Jackson win.
  • Jackson made her a captain and honorary aide-de-camp on his staff.
  • She was betrayed by her lover and arrested on July 29, 1862.
  • She was held for a month in the Old Capitol Prison in Washington.
  • She was arrested again in June of 1863.
  • She was released in December of 1863 and suffered from typhoid.
  • The Confederacy then sent her to Europe to deliver letters from Jefferson Davis.
  • The Union captured her before she could deliver the letters.
  • She convinced an officer named Samuel Wylde Hardinge to let her escape to Canada and then to England.
  • He was court-martialed and discharged from the Navy.
  • He followed her to England, where he married her in August 1864.
  • She convinced her husband to return to the United States as a Confederate spy and he was captured and died in prison, leaving her a widow at the age of twenty-one.
  • Altogether she was arrested six times and imprisoned twice.
  • In England, she published her memoir, Belle Boyd in Camp and Prison, and began a career as an actress and a lecturer until she died.
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Posted by on March 12, 2010 in Civil War



Race of Veterans; O Tan-Faced Boy; Look Down, Fair Moon

Race Of Veterans

RACE of veterans! Race of victors!
Race of the soil, ready for conflict! race of the conquering march!
(No more credulity’s race, abiding-temper’d race;)
Race henceforth owning no law but the law of itself;
Race of passion and the storm


This poem seems to have a positive tone to it.  He is talking about veterans who know what they are supposed to do.  The veterans have been sucessful before and are ready to fight again.  They are no longer an uncertain race.  They are motivated by justice and are a determined group.  He tone suggests that he believes the veterans will be victorious.   He seems to be for the war and glorifies it.


O TAN-FACED prairie-boy!  
Before you came to camp, came many a welcome gift;  
Praises and presents came, and nourishing food—till at last, among the recruits,  
You came, taciturn, with nothing to give—we but look’d on each other,  
When lo! more than all the gifts of the world, you gave me.  


This poem has a tone of dissappointment.  He is dissappionted that the tan-faced prairie boy hasn’t brought anything to them.  In this poem, he seems to not like war very much.  The poem gives the impression that the war was gives things to people, but it can also take away.

Look Down, Fair Moon


Look down, fair moon, and bathe this scene;
Pour softly down night’s nimbus floods, on faces ghastly, swollen, purple;
On the dead, on their backs, with their arms toss’d wide,
Pour down your unstinted nimbus, sacred moon.


This poem has a tone of sadness.  He focuses on death.  From this poem, we get that war is horrible.  They leave people who have died on the field overnight, possibly for longer periods of time.  Also we get that war is not as glorious as it is protrayed to be.

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Posted by on March 5, 2010 in Whitman's Civil War Poetry



Paul Ray Smith

A war hero is a person who shows admirable courage.  They are willing to sacrifice themselves for strangers and friends alike.  They never back down from a fight and will always be willing to lend a helping hand.  They almost never want to be recognized for their deeds because in their eyes they are just doing their jobs.  A war hero is the people who puts other’s needs before their own, no matter the cost.  They are the people who save lives.  

Sargent First Class Paul Ray Smith was born on September 24, 1969, in El Paso, Texas.  He moved to Flordia around nine years of age.  After high school, he joined the army.  He joined the 11th Engineer Battalion in 1999 and became part of the Bravo Company.  He was deployed with his platoon to Kosovo in May 2001 and in the spring of 2002 he was promoted to sargent first class.  In 2003, he and his men were to be deployed to Kuwait as part of the 3rd Infantry’s Divisions for Operation Iraqi Freedom.  The unit was building a prisonor-of-war holding area when they were attacked by enemy forces.  They were outnumbered.  Fearing that they wouldn’t last, Smith ran to a .50 caliber machine gun mounted on a damaged personel carrier.  He was out in the open with nothing for cover from getting shot.  He knew that this was the units best shot for survival because he could take out more enemies this way.  He told the soldier nearest him to “feed me ammunition whenever you hear the gun get quiet.”  Her managed to kill at least 50 enemy soldiers and didn’t stop, even when the enemy soldiers targeted him.  Sargent First Class Paul Smith was shot and killed instantly.  Because of his brave actions, his men were able to keep the enemy away and stay alive.  For his bravery, he was rewarded the first Medal of Honor in the Global War on Terror on April 4, 2005.

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Posted by on February 10, 2010 in War Heroes



Friedrich Nietzsche

  • Born on October 15, 1844.
  • Composed piano, choral, and orchestral music when he was a teenager.
  • Became a teacher at a Swiss university at the age of 24.
  • Influenced by Schopenhauer, and Richard Wagner.
  • In January 1872, at the age of 27, he published his first book, The Birth of Tragedy, out of the Spirit of Music, also known as The Birth of Tragedy, Or: Hellenism and Pessimism, which was about Apollo and Dionysus
  • In 1878, he wrote Human, All-Too-Human, which he dedicated to Voltaire
  • In 1879, he wrote Mixed Opinions and Maxims, the appendix of Human, All-Too-Human
  • He health is also deteriorating, which gave him migraines, eyesight problems and vomiting
  • In 1880, wrote The Wanderer and His Shadow, the second and final sequel to Human, All-Too-Human, he had no home during this time
  • In 1881, he published The Dawn, also known as Daybreak: Reflections on Moral Prejudices
  • In 1882, wrote The Gay Science, in which he stated that “God is dead”
  • In 1883 to 1885, he wrote Thus Spoke Zarathustra, A Book for All and None
  • In 1886, he wrote Beyond Good and Evil, Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future, which criticized Christianity
  • In 1887, he wrote On the Genealogy of Morals, A Polemic, also criticized Christianity
  • In May-August of 1888, he wrote The Case of Wagner
  • In August-September of 1888, he wrote Twilight of the Idols
  • In September of 1888, he wrote The Antichrist
  • In October-November of 1888, he wrote Ecce Homo
  • In December of 1888, he wrote Nietzsche Contra Wagner
  • In 1889, he goes insane after seeing a horse being whipped
  • On August 25, 1900, he dies

Posted by on December 3, 2009 in Malcolm X