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Mary Livermore

Mary Livermore was born in 1820 and was a women’s rights activist.  She was also an American journalist.  In 1839 she worked on a plantation in Virginia and became an abolitionist after whitnessing the truth about slavery.  Livermore was a republican, supported Abraham Lincoln, and campaigned for him.  Mary was a volunteer member of the United States Sanitary Commission during the civil war.  She spent a lot of her time visiting hospitals and army posts. Livermore also organized many fundraiser events in an effort to raise money to support the Union in the Civil War.

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Posted by on March 15, 2010 in Civil War



Calvary Crossing a Ford

A line in long array where they wind betwixt green islands,
They take a serpentine course, their arms flash in the sun–hark to
the musical clank,
Behold the silvery river, in it the splashing horses loitering stop
to drink,
Behold the brown-faced men, each group, each person a picture, the
negligent rest on the saddles,
Some emerge on the opposite bank, others are just entering the
Scarlet and blue and snowy white,
The guidon flags flutter gayly in the wind.

This is poem is patriotic.  Whitman discusses people entering a ford and seeing “Scarlet and blue and snowy white”, he also describes the flag as fluttering “gayly”.  He describes the colors of the flag in a positive way.  The poem could also be seen as describing the struggles of the soldiers.  Whitman discusses the soldiers “brown faces” and their arms “flash[ing] in the sun.  Although the soldiers have a hard time in the war he shows that they are still proud of their country.  Whitman’s attitude is very positive in this poem, he does not seem to be describing anything in a negative way.

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Posted by on March 4, 2010 in Whitman's Civil War Poetry



PFC Arthur J. Jackson

A war hero is someone who sacrifices their own life for the lives of their fellow soldiers and for their country.

Typically someone who is considered a war hero was injured in war by doing some courageous act to protect their soldiers.

People who are war “heroes” usually receive some kind of award, such as the Medal of Honor or the Purple Heart Award.

Arthur J Jackson

Arthur J. Jackson was born on October 18, 1924 and joined the United States Marine Corps in January of 1943.  On September of 1944, Jackson was stationed in Peleliu with his unit.  After only four days in Peleliu Jackson and his unit were held up by a sniper and a machine gun.  Arthur was instructed by his commander to make it to the enemy trenches.  Jackson proceeded by removing his helmet, backpack, and leggings to make his load lighter.  He carried his Browning to the Japanese Platoon.  Each time he reached an enemy post he unloaded until he finally reached the largest bunker, holding approximately thirty-five soldiers.  Jackson took out the two guards standing watch and then through explosives into the bunker, all together Arthur killed around 50 enemy soldiers.  Just four days later, a grenade was thrown into the fox hole where Jackson and his rifleman were.  Arthur threw the grenade back and in the process was hit by a stray bullet near his jugular vein.  Jackson recovered and then returned to war only to get injured in combat once again.  Arthur J. Jackson was awarded the Medal of Honor on October 5th, 1945.  Jackson won many other awards while in the military as well such as the Presidential Unit Citation, the American Campaign Medal, and the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign medal.

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Posted by on February 10, 2010 in War Heroes



W.E.B DuBois and The Souls of Black Folk

Dubois wrote this novel directly following the Civil War.  He addresses his views of Booker T. Washington, claiming his theories actually set back the African American race.  He believed Booker T. Washington’s theory of being passive would not work for the long run in helping the Black race to receive equality.  DuBois actually believed that Washington’s views contributed to Blacks not being able to vote.  W.E.B DuBois also discusses America’s education system in this novel. He claims that American schools are only teaching materialistic subjects to the students.  He believed African American’s should not only be taught to make money.  In The Souls of Black Folk, DuBois refers to the rural Blacks numerous times.  He claims that African Americans have been working in cotton fields even after slavery ends and still receives low wages.  DuBois describes the life of a farmer or field worker as only partly away from slavery. Towards the end of the novel, DuBois brings himself into it and makes the novel personal.  He discusses how he lost his son and how he thinks it might actually be a good thing he did not have to grow up in a racist nation.

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Posted by on December 3, 2009 in Malcolm X